Course Descriptions - Undergraduate Calendar 2012-2013

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PHYS 00s


PHYS 1 LEC 0.00Course ID: 010216
Pre-University Physics
This course covers the topics in Ontario Secondary Schools essential for first year university physics. Topics include: motion in one and two dimensions using vectors as appropriate, Newton's laws of motion applied using free body diagrams, energy, geometric optics, simple waves in one and two dimensions, electrical and magnetic effects. Successful completion of this course fulfills the University admission requirements where high school Physics is necessary. No University Credit. Offered by Distance Education only.
Only offered Online

PHYS 10 LEC 0.00Course ID: 009328
Physics Seminar
This seminar brings together Honours Physics, Chemical Physics and Mathematical Physics students in all years to hear invited speakers, view physics-related films, and learn about current research. [Offered: F,W,S]

PHYS 100s


PHYS 111 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007388
Physics 1
An introduction to physics for students intending to concentrate their further studies in biology, dentistry, medicine and paramedicine; includes particle kinematics and dynamics, energy and momentum conservation, and rotational mechanics.
[Note: Science students must also take PHYS 111L. Offered: F, W]
Antireq: PHYS 115, 121

PHYS 111L LAB 0.25Course ID: 007389
Physics 1 Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 111.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Offered: F]
Antireq: PHYS 121L or 131L

PHYS 112 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007390
Physics 2
A continuation of PHYS 111; includes simple harmonic motion, electrostatic force and potential, electric current and power, DC circuits, magnetic field and induction, wave motion, sound and optics.
[Note: Science students must also take PHYS 112L. Offered: W,S]
Prereq: PHYS 111 or 121;
Antireq: PHYS 122, 125

PHYS 112L LAB 0.25Course ID: 007391
Physics 2 Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 112.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Offered: W,S]
Antireq: PHYS 122L or 132L

PHYS 115 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007392
Mechanics
Brief review of kinematics. Particle dynamics, work, energy, conservation of energy. Conservation of linear momentum, collisions, rotational kinematics and dynamics, conservation of angular momentum. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. [Offered: F]
Antireq: PHYS 111, 121; First year Engineering students only

PHYS 121 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007393
Mechanics
An introductory course in physics for students intending to concentrate their future studies in the physical sciences, optometry or mathematics; includes particle kinematics and dynamics, forces in nature, work and energy, conservation of energy and linear momentum, rotational kinematics and dynamics, and conservation of angular momentum.
[Note: Successful completion of 4 U Calculus and Vectors , 4U Advanced Functions and 4U Physics is required. Science students must also take PHYS 121L (or PHYS 131L if they intend to follow any Physics or Mathematical Physics Plan.) Students in Honours Life Physics, Biophysics Specialization, are encouraged to take PHYS 111L.]
Coreq: One of MATH 104, 127, 137, 147.
Antireq: PHYS 111, 115, ECE 105
Also offered Online

PHYS 121L LAB 0.25Course ID: 007394
Mechanics Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 121. Students intending to follow a Physics or Mathematical Physics plan must take PHYS 131L.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Offered: F]
Antireq: PHYS 111L or 131L

PHYS 122 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013651
Waves, Electricity and Magnetism
A continuation of PHYS 121; includes simple harmonic motion, wave motion and sound, electrostatic force and potential, electric current and power, capacitors, DC circuits, magnetic field and induction.
[Note: Science students must also take PHYS 122L (or PHYS 132L if they intend to follow any Physics or Mathematical Physics Plan). Offered: W,S]
Prereq: PHYS 111 (minimum grade 70%) or PHYS 115 or 121 or ECE 105.
Coreq: One of MATH 127, 137, 147.
Antireq: PHYS 112, 125
Also offered Online

PHYS 122L LAB 0.25Course ID: 007396
Waves, Electricity and Magnetism Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 122. Students intending to follow a Physics or Mathematical Physics plan must take PHYS 132L.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Offered: W]
Coreq: PHYS 122.
Antireq: PHYS 112L or 132L

PHYS 124 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013640
Modern Physics
An introductory course in modern physics; includes relativity, quantum physics, atomic physics, nuclear physics, particle physics and gravitation. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 111 (minimum grade 70%) or 115 or 121 or ECE 105.
Coreq: PHYS 112 or 122

PHYS 125 LEC,TST,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007398
Physics for Engineers
Oscillations; simple harmonic motion. Wave motion, travelling and standing waves; transverse and longitudinal waves, including sound. Geometrical optics; reflection and refraction. Physical optics; interference and diffraction. Quantum physics; quantization of radiation; hydrogen atom. [Offered: W,S]
Prereq: PHYS 115; Engineering students only.
Antireq: PHYS 112, PHYS 122

PHYS 131L LAB 0.25Course ID: 010359
Mechanics Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 121 and who intend to follow a Physics or Mathematical Physics plan; all other students who have taken or are taking PHYS 121 should select PHYS 121L.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Offered: F]
Antireq: PHYS 111L or 121L

PHYS 132L LAB 0.50Course ID: 010360
Waves, Electricity, Magnetism and Measurement Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 122 and who intend to follow a Physics or Mathematical Physics plan; all other students who have taken or are taking PHYS 122 should select PHYS 122L.
[Note: Lab each week. Offered: W]
Antireq: PHYS 112L or 122L

PHYS 175 LEC 0.50Course ID: 013959
Introduction to the Universe
A survey course in astrophysics intended for Physics and Astronomy students. Astrophysical processes, the sky, the Sun, stars, black holes, the Milky Way and other galaxies, Big Bang cosmology. [Offered: W]
Prereq: One of PHYS 111,115,121; one of MATH 116, 117, 127, 137,147.
Coreq: PHYS 175L.
Antireq: SCI 237, 238

PHYS 175L LAB 0.25Course ID: 013960
Introduction to the Universe Laboratory
For students who are taking PHYS 175. [Offered: W]

PHYS 191 LEC,TUT 0.25Course ID: 013641
Electricity and Magnetism
Supplemental course material in Electricity and Magnetism for preparation of upper year courses in this discipline. [Offered: W,S]
Department Consent Required

PHYS 200s


PHYS 222 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007399
Electricity and Magnetism 1
Coulomb's law, electric field, Gauss' law, potential, capacitance, properties of dielectrics, current, resistance, electromotive force, D.C. circuits and instruments. [Offered: F]
Prereq: One of PHYS 111, 121 and One of PHYS 112, 122; One of MATH 107, 127, 137, 147 and One of MATH 108, 128, 138, 148.
Antireq: PHYS 252.
Also offered Online

PHYS 223 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007401
Electricity and Magnetism 2
Magnetic fields, induced electromotive forces, magnetic properties of matter, alternating currents, electromagnetic waves. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 222.
Antireq: PHYS 241, 253
Also offered Online

PHYS 226 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007405
Geometrical Optics
Fermat's principle, reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces, thin and thick lenses, optical instruments such as magnifiers, microscopes, telescopes, spectrometers, normal magnification. [Offered: F]
Prereq: One of PHYS 111, 121 and One of PHYS 112, 122; One of MATH 107, 127, 137, 147 and One of MATH 108, 128, 138, 148.
Antireq: PHYS 256/ECE 404
Also offered Online

PHYS 232L LAB 0.25Course ID: 010361
Measurement Laboratory
A laboratory that teaches programming (e.g.LabVIEW) for the computer interfacing of physics experiments and automatic data collection.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Offered: Fall].
Prereq: PHYS 132L and Restricted to students in Physics, Chemical Physics, Science and Business (Physics Option), Computational Science (Physics Option)

PHYS 234 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007407
Quantum Physics 1
Background of quantum physics. Quantization, waves and particles. The uncertainty principle. The Schroedinger equation for one-dimensional problems: bound states in square wells. Harmonic oscillator; transmission through barriers.
[Note: PHYS 236 or knowledge of computational methods recommended. Offered: W, S]
Prereq: PHYS 112 or 122; MATH 114 or 136; MATH 128 or 138 or 148.
Coreq: MATH 228 or AMATH 250.
Antireq: CHEM 256/356, NE 232

PHYS 236 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013642
Computational Physics 1
Introduction to scientific computer programming techniques as applied to problem solving in physics, with examples from first year mechanics. Procedural programs, control structures, functions, and data storage. Numerical differentiation, integration, and solution of linear equation systems. Data analysis and visualization. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHYS 111 or 121; Not open to students in Mathematics.
Antireq: PHYS 139, CS 121, 122, 123, 125, 131, 132, 133, 135, CHE 121, CIVE 121, ECE 150, GENE 121, NE 113, SYDE 121

PHYS 239 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007408
Computational Physics 2
Object-oriented programming applied to physical problems in astrophysics, electromagnetism, classical and quantum mechanics. Solution methods for partial differential equations and Monte Carlo techniques. [Offered: W,S]
Prereq: One of PHYS 139, 236, CS 115, 121, 122, 123, 125, 131, 132, 133, 135, 145, CHE 121, CIVE 121, ECE 150, GENE 121, NE 113, SYDE 121; Not open to students in the Faculty of Mathematics

PHYS 242 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013643
Electricity and Magnetism 1
Coulomb's law, electric fields, Gauss' law, potential, capacitance, properties of dielectrics, DC circuits, AC circuits.
[Note: Students with PHYS 122 prior to Winter 2012 need to include PHYS 191 as a prerequisite. Offered: W,S]
Prereq: One of PHYS 112, 122 (taken Fall 2011 or later), PHYS 191; One of MATH 128, 138, 148; (MATH 227 or
Coreq: AMATH 231). Coreq: PHYS 242L for science students except Mathematical Physics plan.
Antireq: PHYS 222, 223, 241, 252

PHYS 242L LAB 0.25Course ID: 007418
Electricity and Magnetism Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 242.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. [Offered: W,S]
Antireq: PHYS 241L, 252L, 253L, 260A

PHYS 246 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007411
Physical Optics
Nature of light, wave motion, superposition of waves, interference of light, Fraunhofer diffraction and resolution limit of optical instruments; the diffraction grating and the analysis of light. Fresnel diffraction. Polarized light. Coherence of light, lasers, holography. Fibre Optics. [Offered: W]
Prereq: One of PHYS 111, 121 and One of PHYS 112, 122; One of MATH 107, 127, 137, 147 and One of MATH 108, 128, 138, 148. Not open to students in Honours Physics or Honours Chemical Physics.
Antireq: PHYS 256/ECE 404
Also offered Online

PHYS 256 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007422
Geometrical and Physical Optics
Electromagnetic waves and the nature of light. Geometrical optics, aberrations. Physical Optics: interference, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, polarization. Optical instruments.[Offered: F]
Prereq: PHYS 112 or 122; One of MATH 108, 128, 138, 148.
Coreq: PHYS 256L for Science students except for Mathematical Physics Plan.
Antireq: PHYS 226, 246
(Cross-listed with ECE 404)

PHYS 256L LAB 0.25Course ID: 007423
Optics Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 256.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Offered: F]
Antireq: PHYS 260B

PHYS 260L LAB,LEC 0.25Course ID: 013118
Intermediate Physics Laboratory
Experiments in selected physics topics.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Approximately a week before a particular lab is held a one hour lecture will be given on the material to be covered in the lab. Offered W,S]
Antireq: PHYS 260C

PHYS 263 LEC 0.50Course ID: 003320
Classical Mechanics and Special Relativity
Newtonian dynamics of particles and systems of particles. Oscillations. Gravity and the central force problem. Lorentz transformations and relativistic dynamics. [Offered: W,S]
Prereq: One of PHYS 111, 121; One of PHYS 112, 122; One of MATH 108, 128, 138, 148; One of MATH 228 or AMATH 250; Not open to General Mathematics students.
Antireq: AMATH 261, 271

PHYS 275 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007428
Astrophysics 1 - Planets and Stars
Terrestrial and gas giant planets in the Solar System, asteroids and comets, extrasolar planets, star, and planet formation. Celestial mechanics, stellar distances and ages. [Offered: W,S]
Prereq: PHYS 111 or 115 or 121

PHYS 280 LEC 0.50Course ID: 012773
Introduction to Biophysics
Introduction to a physical understanding of biological systems at macro and molecular scales. The course is intended for 2nd year science and engineering students and will cover a broad spectrum of topics in biophysics, as well as an introduction to neurobiology, nanotechnology and biotechnology. [Offered: W]
Prereq: Level at least 2A Honours Science or Engineering plans
(Cross-listed with BIOL 280)

PHYS 300s


PHYS 334 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007434
Quantum Physics 2
Formalism of quantum mechanics. Operator approach to the harmonic oscillator. Quantum mechanics in three dimensions: Hydrogen atom, angular momentum and spin. Time-independent perturbation theory. Fine structure of hydrogen. Zeeman effect. Identical particles. The variational principle. Ground state of the helium atom. Applications in atomic and molecular physics. [Offered: F,S]
Prereq: PHYS 234 or CHEM 256/356; MATH 228 or AMATH 250; MATH 227 or 237 or 247.
Antireq: AMATH 373

PHYS 335 LEC 0.50Course ID: 012032
Condensed Matter Physics
Overview of condensed matter ordered and disordered systems. Thermodynamic origin of order and phase transitions. Waves. Properties of the solid state. Crystals and fractals. Overview of Fourier Series. Reciprocal lattice. Diffraction. Classical elastic theory of the crystalline state. Electrons in a periodic potential, Band structure and Fermi surface. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 234 or CHEM 356/256; Level at least 3A Engineering, Mathematics or Science students

PHYS 352 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007438
Analogue Electronics
p and n materials, pn diodes, junction and FET transistors. Transistor amplifiers and their equivalent circuits. Operational amplifiers. Oscillators and power supplies. Computer simulation of devices and circuits. [Offered: W even years,S odd years]
Prereq: One of PHYS 222, 241, 252.
Coreq: PHYS 352L
Also offered Online

PHYS 352L LAB 0.25Course ID: 007439
Analogue Electronics Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 352.
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Offered: W even years, S odd years]
Coreq: PHYS 352

PHYS 353 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007440
Digital Electronics
Logic gates, flip-flops and shift registers. Binary numbers and Boolean algebra. An introduction to microprocessors. This will include arithmetic logic units, parallel input/output ports, assembly language and a number of examples. [Offered: S even years, F odd years]
Coreq: PHYS 353L.
Antireq: CS 251, ECE 223, ME 262

PHYS 353L LAB 0.25Course ID: 007441
Digital Electronics Laboratory
For students who have taken or are taking PHYS 353,
[Note: Lab alternate weeks. Offered: S even years, F odd years]

PHYS 358 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007444
Thermal Physics
Temperature and thermodynamic equilibrium. Work, internal energy and heat; first law, with examples. Kinetic theory of gases. Basic probability theory. Microscopic states and entropy. Absolute temperature, reversibility and the second law. Thermodynamic Functions and Maxwell's relations. Phase transitions. Third Law. Other applications of thermodynamics. [Formerly PHYS 258. Offered: F,S]
Prereq: PHYS 112 or 122; MATH 227 or 237 or 247; MATH 228 or AMATH 250.
Antireq: CHEM 254
(Cross-listed with ECE 403)

PHYS 359 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007445
Statistical Mechanics
Fundamental postulate of statistical thermodynamics. Entropy. Microcanonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles. Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein and Boltzmann Statistics. Maxwell-Boltzmann velocity distribution. Applications to specific heat of solids, classical and quantum gases, electrons in metals, Planck's law of radiation, and Bose-Einstein condensation. [Offered: W]
Prereq: (PHYS 258/358/ECE 403 or CHEM 254 or ME 250); (PHYS 234 or CHEM 256/356 or
Coreq: AMATH 373).
Antireq: (For Mathematics students only) AMATH 477

PHYS 360A LAB 0.25Course ID: 007446
Modern Physics Laboratory 1
Selected experiments in mechanics, optics, electronics, atomic, molecular, nuclear and solid state physics.
[Note: There will be 18 hours of experiments. Three year-two physics labs will have to be completed before this lab course is undertaken. Offered: F,W,S]

PHYS 360B LAB 0.25Course ID: 007447
Modern Physics Laboratory 2
Continuation of 360A.
[Note: 18 hours of experiments. Offered: F,W,S]

PHYS 363 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007449
Intermediate Classical Mechanics
Non-inertial frames of reference. Calculus of variations. Lagrangian mechanics. Coupled oscillations and normal modes. Hamiltonian dynamics.
[Note: PHYS 236 or knowledge of computational methods recommended. Offered: F,S]
Prereq: One of PHYS 263, AMATH 261, 271 ; One of MATH 227, 237, 247; MATH 228 or AMATH 250

PHYS 364 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007450
Mathematical Physics 1
Sturm-Liouville theory. Legendre, Bessel and other special functions. Fourier series. Separation of variables. Green's function. [Offered: F,S]
Prereq: MATH 227, 228; Honours Physics and Computational Science/Physics and Chemical Physics students only.
Antireq: AMATH 353

PHYS 365 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007451
Mathematical Physics 2
Complex variables, Cauchy-Riemann conditions, Cauchy integral formula, Taylor and Laurent expansions, residue theorem, contour integrals and applications. Fourier and Laplace transforms with applications. Introduction to probability and statistics. [Offered: W]
Prereq: MATH 227, 228; Honours Physics and Computational Science/Physics and Chemical Physics students only.
Antireq: AMATH 332

PHYS 375 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007457
Astrophysics 2 - Stars and Galaxies
Stellar interiors and atmospheres, star formation and evolution, white dwarfs, neutron stars, black holes. Stellar populations and dynamics in galaxies, galaxy evolution, the star formation history of the Universe. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 122 and two of PHYS 234, 241, 242, 252, 256/ECE 404, PHYS 258/358/ECE 403, PHYS 263, 275

PHYS 380 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007458
Molecular and Cellular Biophysics
Cell structure and molecular composition; intermolecular interactions and hydration; protein structure and function; cytoskeletal filaments; DNA structure, packing and chromosomes; rate equations and biological dynamics (e.g., cytoskeletal polymerization); self-assembly; cell membranes; action potentials and biological electricity; molecular motors; cell motility. [Recommended PHYS 280/BIOL 280. Offered: F, S]
Prereq: PHYS 112 or 122; CHEM 123
Also offered Online

PHYS 400s


PHYS 434 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007463
Quantum Physics 3
Symmetries and conservation laws. Review of time-independent perturbation theory (degenerate and non-degenerate. Rayleigh-Schrodinger, Brillouin-Wigner and canonical perturbation theory; effective Hamiltonian derivation). Time-dependent perturbation theory (1st and 2nd order, adiabatic perturbation, Aharonov-Bohm effect). Fermi's golden rule. Two-level systems. Emission and absorption of radiation (applications). Second quantization of electromagnetic field in free space; photons. Spontaneous emission and natural lifetime; Lamb shift. Elements of scattering theory. Introduction to the Dirac equation. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHYS 334 or AMATH 373; PHYS 364 or AMATH 351; PHYS 365 or (AMATH 332 and 353)

PHYS 435 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 007464
Current Topics in Condensed Matter Physics
Physics pertaining to collective and emergent phenomena in condensed matter systems. Examples of topics to be covered include: magnetism, superconductivity, heavy Fermion systems, quantum hall effect, protein folding, membranes, DNA physics, polymer physics, Modern experimental and theoretical techniques. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 335, 359; PHYS 334 or AMATH 373

PHYS 437A PRJ 0.50Course ID: 007465
Research Project
A research project in any area of Physics approved by the course co-ordinator(s). The student is required to present a summary of the project orally and to submit a written report in a style suitable for publication. Some projects, especially those with an experimental emphasis, will likely continue as 437B. In these cases, students will submit an interim written report, in addition to the oral presentation. [Offered: F,W]
Department Consent Required
Prereq: Honours Physics or Chemical Physics or Mathematical Physics students only

PHYS 437B PRJ 0.50Course ID: 007466
Research Project (continued)
A continuation of the project undertaken in PHYS 437A. The student is required to present a summary of the project orally or by poster and to submit a written report in a style suitable for publication. [Offered: W]
Instructor Consent Required
Prereq: PHYS 437A

PHYS 441A LEC 0.50Course ID: 007467
Electromagnetic Theory
Electrostatics, magnetostatics, and the macroscopic description of dielectrics and magnetic materials. Includes appropriate mathematical techniques, potential theory and the method of images. [Offered: F. The last offering of this course will be fall 2014.]
Prereq: (PHYS 252 and 253) or PHYS 241; PHYS 364, 365 or (AMATH 332, 351, 353)

PHYS 441B LEC 0.50Course ID: 007468
Electromagnetic Theory
Maxwell's Equations. Electromagnetic fields and the Lorentz Transformation. Plane waves in insulators, conductors and plasmas. Reflection and refraction at plane boundaries. Guided waves. Dipole radiation. [Offered: W. The last offering of this course will be winter 2015.]
Prereq: PHYS 441A

PHYS 444 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007470
Introduction to Particle Physics
This course introduces students to the standard model of particle physics. Topics covered include symmetries, particle classification, experimental methods and tools, scattering, Feynman diagrams, gauge theories, quantum electrodynamics, quarks, quantum chromodynamics, weak interactions, and the Higgs mechanism. [Offered: W]
Prereq: (PHYS 334 or AMATH 373); PHYS 363; (PHYS 364 and 365) or (AMATH 332, 351, 353)

PHYS 454 LEC 0.50Course ID: 003369
Quantum Theory 2
The Hilbert space of states, observables and time evolution. Feynman path integral and Greens functions. Approximation methods. Coordinate transformations, angular momentum and spin. The relation between symmetries and conservation laws. Density matrix, Ehrenfest theorem and decoherence. Multiparticle quantum mechanics. Bell inequality and basics of quantum computing. [Offered: F]
Prereq: AMATH 373 or PHYS 334; Level at least 4A in Mathematics or Science
(Cross-listed with AMATH 473)

PHYS 460A LAB 0.25Course ID: 010364
Advanced Laboratory 1
Selected advanced experiments in mechanics, optics, electronics, atomic, molecular, nuclear and solid state physics.
[Note: 18 hours of experiments. Offered: F,W]
Prereq: PHYS 360A; Fourth Year Physics Majors only

PHYS 460B LAB 0.25Course ID: 010365
Advanced Laboratory 2
A continuation of PHYS 460A.
[Note: 18 hours of experiments. Offered: W]
Prereq: PHYS 460A

PHYS 461 LEC 0.50Course ID: 013648
Nanophysics
Fundamentals of nanotechnology. Applications of nanotechnology in biology and medicine. Nanotechnology and society. Physical foundations of nanodevices. Conduction at the nanoscale. Modern nanodevices. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHYS 335 or ECE 231; Level at least 4A.
Antireq: NE 471

PHYS 467 LEC 0.50Course ID: 011497
Introduction to Quantum Information Processing
Basics of computational complexity; basics of quantum information; quantum phenomena; quantum circuits and universality; relationship between quantum and classical complexity classes; simple quantum algorithms; quantum Fourier transform; Shor factoring algorithm; Grover search algorithm; physical realization of quantum computation; error-correction and fault-tolerance; quantum key distribution. [Offered: W]
Prereq: One of MATH 114, 115, 235, 245; Level at least 4A; Not open to General Mathematics students
(Cross-listed with CS 467, CO 481)

PHYS 468 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013649
Introduction to the Implementation of Quantum Information Processing
Photonic quantum computing, Superconducting qubits, NMR, Ion Trap quantum computing, Atomic quantum computing. [Offered: W]
Prereq: CO 481/CS 467/PHYS 467 or PHYS 334

PHYS 475 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007479
Astrophysics 3 - Galaxies and Cosmology
Dark matter and structure formation, including galaxy, quasar and supermassive black hole formation. Observational cosmology including big-bang nucleosynthesis, cosmic microwave background and dark energy.
[Note: PHYS 375 is recommended. Offered: F]
Prereq: One of AMATH 261, 271, PHYS 263; Level at least 4A in Mathematics or Science

PHYS 476 LEC 0.50Course ID: 003371
Introduction to General Relativity
Tensor analysis. Curved space-time and the Einstein field equations. The Schwarzschild solution and applications. The Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmological models. [Offered: W]
Prereq: One of AMATH 261, 271, PHYS 263; AMATH 231 or MATH 227; Level at least 4A in Mathematics or Science
(Cross-listed with AMATH 475)

PHYS 480 LEC 0.50Course ID: 007485
Radiation Biophysics
The effect of radiation of various kinds on cells and tissues; mechanisms of damage, repair theories, genetic effects, dose-response relationships; cancer radiotherapy (x-rays, electrons, neutrons, protons, negative Pi mesons); other types of cancer therapies used in conjunction with radiotherapy (e.g. hyperthermia); late effects of radiation; carcinogenesis; risk vs. benefit; applications.
[Note: First year Physics will become a prerequisite for entry into this course beginning in the Fall of 2010. Offered: F]
Prereq: One of PHYS 111, 115, 121 and one of PHYS 112, 122, 125 and level at least 4A in Applied Health Sciences, Engineering, Mathematics or Science

PHYS 482 LEC 0.50Course ID: 011381
Physics of Medical Imaging
Introduction to imaging concepts in medicine. Nuclear medicine, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound and optical imaging. Physics principles and applications with emphasis on the former. [Offered: W]
Prereq: MATH 227 or 237 or 247; PHYS 234 and (PHYS 241 or 252)

PHYS 490 LEC 0.50Course ID: 010227
Special topics in Physics
A lecture course offered in a particular branch of physics, subject to availability of instructor.
Prereq: Honours Physics or Chemical Physics students only