Course Descriptions - Undergraduate Calendar 2017-2018

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Notes

  1. Normally, Pharmacy courses (designated as PHARM) are restricted to students registered in the PharmD program or who have been admitted as special (non-degree) students.
  2. It is not necessary for pharmacy students to enrol in CECA professional development as the curriculum includes professional development courses designed to prepare students for the workplace environment.
  3. Normally, electives are taken beginning in Year 3. For students who enter Pharmacy and qualify for transfer credits, electives may be selected earlier in consultation with the Associate Director (or delegate). Independent Study electives require permission of the Associate Director (or delegate). A student may take a maximum of 1.0 credit as Independent Study electives.

PHARM 100s


PHARM 110 LAB,LEC 1.00Course ID: 013120
Systems Approach to the Study of the Human Body 1
This integrated anatomy and physiology course and its continuation in PHARM 111 cover all the major human body systems using a systems approach. Major themes are the relationships between structure and function, and homeostasis of the cellular environment. [Offered: W]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 111 LAB,LEC 0.50Course ID: 013121
Systems Approach to the Study of the Human Body 2
This integrated anatomy and physiology course and its prerequisite PHARM 110 cover all the major human body systems using a systems approach. Major themes are the relationships between structure and function, and homeostasis of the cellular environment. [Offered: S]
Prereq: PHARM 110; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 120 LEC 0.25Course ID: 012459
Introduction to the Profession of Pharmacy
This course introduces students to the profession of pharmacy with its many opportunities. Topics include Canadian and global health care systems, the roles of health care professionals, the social determinants of health and the current and future practice of pharmacy. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHARM students only.
Antireq: PHARM 120A

PHARM 124 LAB,LEC 1.00Course ID: 012458
Pharmaceutics 1
This course, and PHARM 125, consider the scientific and technical aspects important in dosage form design. The lectures and practical laboratory experiences emphasize the role of biopharmaceutics, preformulation and physical pharmacy in the development of safe and effective dosage forms. [Offered: W]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 125 LAB,LEC 1.00Course ID: 012460
Pharmaceutics 2
This course is a continuation of PHARM 124. [Offered: S]
Prereq: PHARM 124; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 126 TST,TUT 0.13Course ID: 013420
Pharmaceutical Calculations
This course provides students with the tools necessary to carry out calculations in a wide range of settings. The scope of pharmaceutical calculations includes concentration expressions, physical and chemical properties, measurement of quantities, dosing calculations, rates of administration, and aligation methods.
[Note: Course will be graded on a CR/NCR basis. Offered: W]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 127 LEC 0.50Course ID: 012461
Professional Communication Skills in Pharmacy Practice
This course is designed to help students develop the core communication skills required for success in a career in Pharmacy. This is a foundational course. Key concepts introduced in this course are applied throughout the curriculum. [Offered: W]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 129 LEC 0.50Course ID: 012463
Professional Practice 1
This course introduces students to the building blocks of pharmacy practice including medication dispensing, jurisprudence, drug information and patient safety. Patient care focuses on self-care and providing students with processes for assessing, educating, and counselling patients about non-prescription medications. [Offered: W]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 130 LEC 0.50Course ID: 012464
Professional Practice 2
Professional Practice 2 continues to develop the foundational knowledge and skills introduced in PHARM 129. [Offered: S]
Prereq: PHARM 129; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 141 LEC 0.50Course ID: 012467
Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry, Toxicology and Pharmacology
The basic principles of medicinal chemistry, toxicology, and pharmacology are introduced and examined in the context of the autonomic nervous system. Pharmacokinetics, adverse drug reactions, drug interactions, pharmacogenetics, and the body's response to drug compounds are also discussed. The tools and principles discovered are applied to specific disease states as well as physiological systems, including the visual and cardiovascular systems. [Offered: S]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 151 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 012483
Foundation and Application of Health Informatics
This course provides a fundamental understanding of Health Informatics. This will encompass the nature, key concepts, and applications of this discipline to address challenges in the health field. The material presented will target the high profile areas of Health Informatics and point the participants in the direction of broader and deeper explorations. [Offered: S, F]
Prereq: PHARM students only.
Antireq: PHARM 262

PHARM 155 LEC 0.25Course ID: 014639
Introduction to Drug Information Fundamentals
This course provides students with basic skills in retrieving and assessing drug information and medical literature. The foundation acquired in this course will be used throughout the Integrated Patient Focused Care series in critically appraising literature to support an evidence-based patient care model. [Offered: S]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 200s


PHARM 220 LAB,LEC,TUT 1.00Course ID: 012470
Integrated Patient Focused Care 1
This is the first of nine sequential courses that are designed to enable students to understand, integrate, and apply concepts from Pharmacology, Medicinal Chemistry, Toxicology, Clinical Pharmacokinetics, Clinical Biochemistry and Pathphysiology, and Applied Microbiology to patient scenarios. Students will not only learn core principles from each of these disciplines, but they will also develop skills in critical appraisal, patient assessment, and clinical problem-solving. Ultimately, students will be able to make confident decisions regarding a patient's care plan. The first course will cover core foundational knowledge. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM 110, 111, 141; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 221 LAB,LEC,TUT 1.00Course ID: 012471
Integrated Patient Focused Care 2
This is the second of nine sequential courses. Topics discussed through patient scenarios and assignments will focus on two to three body systems. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM 110, 111, 141; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 222 LEC,TUT 1.00Course ID: 013124
Integrated Patient Focused Care 3
This is the third of nine sequential courses. Topics discussed through patient scenarios and assignments will focus on two to three body systems. [Offered: S]
Prereq: PHARM 220, 221, 224; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 223 LEC,TUT 1.00Course ID: 013125
Integrated Patient Focused Care 4
This is the fourth of nine sequential courses. Topics discussed through patient scenarios and assignments will focus on two to three body systems. [Offered: S]
Prereq: PHARM 220, 221, 224; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 224 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 012472
Pharmacokinetic Fundamentals
Pharmacokinetic principles and quantitative analysis will be used to describe the events that transpire following drug administration. The influence of physiological and biochemical processes on drug pharmacokinetics will be discussed.[Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM 110, 111, 124, 125; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 227 LEC 0.25Course ID: 012474
Health Systems in Society
Building on PHARM 120 and PHARM 129, students will extend their understanding of the Canadian health-care system, including its structure, financing, regulation and policies. By means of relevant health-care examples, students will develop their skills in ethical analysis, and learn to apply basic principles of public policy analysis, political science, economics, and quality measurement. Students will also be exposed to some international drug issues and how they compare with Canada's pharmaceutical system. The course emphasizes critical analysis and writing skills. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM 120, 129; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 228 LAB 0.25Course ID: 012475
Professional Practice 3
Professional Practice 3 is a lab-based course where knowledge acquired in the introductory Professional Practice courses is applied to simulated pharmacy situations and patient case scenarios. This provides students with the opportunity to demonstrate their technical skill and clinical knowledge in a practical way and helps prepare students for their first co-op work experience. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM 130; Pharmacy students only.
Coreq: PHARM 220, 221

PHARM 229 LAB,LEC 1.00Course ID: 012476
Professional Practice 4
Professional Practice 4 combines lecture and lab components, focusing on providing students with the knowledge and skills to fulfil requirements of the expanding role pharmacists play in providing patient care. Physical assessment and an understanding of how analyses and devices inform decision-making are examples of topics that may be covered. [Offered: S]
Prereq: PHARM 228; Pharmacy students only.
Coreq: PHARM 222, 223

PHARM 232 LAB,LEC 0.25Course ID: 013122
Medical Microbiology
This course applies microbiological methods (aseptic techniques, streak plating, culture handling, laboratory safety, etc.) to clinically relevant microbiological and immunological practice. Course material is applicable to and coordinated with Integrated Patient Focused Care courses. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM students only.
Antireq: PHARM 232L

PHARM 252 LEC 0.50Course ID: 012482
Institutional Pharmacy Practice
This course offers insight into how organizations/institutions manage patient health. It examines the structure, governance and delivery of services within health systems such as primary care, family health teams, acute care, home care and long-term care facilities. Processes within health care institutions for optimizing management of patients, operations, facilities and medications are all addressed. [Offered: S]
Prereq: PHARM 227; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 290 SEM 0.13Course ID: 012484
Seminars in Pharmacy 1
Through the Seminar Series of courses students are exposed to a number of speakers who address relevant topics within a content area. Speakers may include subject-matter experts, patients, and health care professionals.
[Note: Course will be graded on a CR/NCR basis. Offered: S]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 300s


PHARM 320 LEC,TUT 1.00Course ID: 012486
Integrated Patient Focused Care 5
This is the fifth of nine sequential courses. Topics discussed through patient scenarios and assignments will focus on two to three body systems. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHARM 222, 223; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 321 LEC,TUT 1.00Course ID: 012487
Integrated Patient Focused Care 6
This is the sixth of nine sequential courses. Topics discussed through patient scenarios and assignments will focus on two to three body systems. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHARM 222, 223; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 323 LEC,TUT 1.00Course ID: 013126
Integrated Patient Focused Care 7
This is the seventh of nine sequential courses. Topics discussed through patient scenarios and assignments will focus on two to three body systems. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM 320, 321; Pharmacy students only.
Antireq: PHARM 420

PHARM 324 LEC,TUT 1.00Course ID: 012510
Integrated Patient Focused Care 8
This is the eighth of nine sequential courses. Topics discussed though patient scenarios and assignments will focus on two to three body systems. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM 320, 321; Pharmacy students only.
Antireq: PHARM 421

PHARM 329 LAB 0.25Course ID: 012494
Professional Practice 5
Professional Practice 5 is a lab-based course that refines basic skills and addresses additional areas of expanding scope of practice for pharmacists. In particular, a component of the course provides students with an opportunity to acquire skills in immunizing patients. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHARM 229; Pharmacy students only.
Coreq: PHARM 320, 321

PHARM 330 LAB,LEC 0.50Course ID: 012493
Professional Practice 6
Professional Practice 6 combines lecture and lab components and focuses on preparing students for their first years of professional life. [Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM 329; Pharmacy students only.
Coreq: PHARM 323, 324.
Antireq: PHARM 428

PHARM 350 LEC 0.50Course ID: 012496
Fundamentals of Business Administration and Management
This course teaches the strategic management principles behind marketing, operations, finance and accounting, and human resources management in an integrated format. [Offered: W]
Prereq: PHARM 130, 228; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 351 LEC 0.25Course ID: 014644
Management Issues in Community Pharmacy Practice
This business course leverages concepts presented in PHARM 350 and applies them to the specific opportunities and challenges found in community practice settings. Topics that will be addressed include business planning and human resource management in the community pharmacy context.
[Note: Selective Business Course; Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM 350; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 352 LEC 0.25Course ID: 014645
Management Issues in Pharmacy Practice in Organizations
This business course leverages concepts presented in PHARM 350 and applies them to the specific opportunities and challenges found in institutional settings. Topics that will be addressed include business planning and human resource management in hospitals and long-term care facilities.
[Note: Selective Business Course; Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM 350; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 353 LEC 0.25Course ID: 014646
Entrepreneurship in Pharmacy
This business course leverages concepts presented in PHARM 350 and applies them to the specific opportunities and challenges facing entrepreneurs and/or individuals creating innovative solutions within more traditional pharmacy environments. Topics that will be addressed include business planning and relationship management for entrepreneurs.
[Note: Selective Business Course; Offered: F]
Prereq: PHARM 350; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 361 LAB,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013363
Advanced Compounding
Building upon experiences gained in Pharmacy 124 and 125 (Pharmaceutics 1 and 2), Advanced Compounding introduces the student to more complex formulations and their use in specific patient populations. Example topics include compounding for geriatric and pediatric patients, veterinary products, USP <795> and its application to extemporaneous compounding, and stability and QC testing. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 124, 125; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 362 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013364
Advanced Patient Self Care
Advanced Patient Self Care teaches students to critically evaluate the use of self-care therapeutic options such as Natural Health Products, Schedule II and III drugs and functional foods in various disease states and populations. Other topics include: the Natural Health Product approval process, regulatory issues for self-selection products and reimbursement for self-care services. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 220, 228; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 363 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013365
Global Infectious Disease Management
This course addresses global infectious diseases from a public health perspective in an integrated case study format. It focuses on the role of the pharmacist, mode of transmission of these diseases, prevention, control, emergency preparedness, appropriate use of vaccines and vaccine administration. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 220, 232/232L; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 364 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013367
The Pharmacist as Educator
This course will introduce the basic learning theory and practice that pharmacists use as educators of specific audiences, such as patients, other healthcare providers, other pharmacists, etc. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 127; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 366 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013791
Concepts in Nutritional Sciences
This course focuses on the role of nutrition in the attainment of optimal patient health. Topics include nutrition for optimal growth and risk reduction of chronic disease; nutrition in special populations; functional foods and nutraceuticals; enteral and parenteral nutrition; and the role of the pharmacist in nutrition counseling. [Offered: W,S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 220; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 367 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013792
Pediatric Pharmacy
This course introduces the student to the more complex pediatric therapeutics and pharmacy-specific issues associated with a pediatric population. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 220, 221, 229; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 368 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013793
Advanced Drug Information & Evidence-Based Medicine
This course builds on the knowledge and skills students have acquired about the retrieval, analysis and use of drug information. Students will apply the principles of evidence-based medicine and critically appraise literature in responding to the needs of a variety of patient and professional audiences. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 223, 229; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 370 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013795
Personal & New Venture Financial Management
This course covers topics that are relevant to the financial decision making of individuals, with a particular focus on future professionals who have any interest in being involved in new business ventures. Knowledge and skills learned will allow students to take advantage of the career diversity and resulting business opportunities related to pharmacy. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only.
Coreq: PHARM 350

PHARM 372 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013797
Strategic Global Health & Pharmacy Practice
This course focuses on the challenges of providing health care and pharmacy-related services within a global context. The course will examine how cultural variations and socio-political factors affect drug therapy and patient care. The specific impact of pharmaceuticals/vaccinations on global health will be featured. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only.
Coreq: PHARM 350

PHARM 373 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 014161
Healthcare Delivery in Rural and Underserved Populations
This course will develop students' understanding of the unique challenges and opportunities in providing healthcare to rural and underserved populations. Through lectures and field work, students will examine topics such as health care disparities, interprofessional collaboration, the role of the rural pharmacist, and underserved patient case studies. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 374 LEC 0.50Course ID: 014162
Complementary and Alternate Medicine
This Complementary and Alternate Medicine course is designed to give the student an overview of complementary and alternative healing practices and will heighten student awareness that CAM is multifactorial and often includes belief systems and practices other than drug therapy. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 228; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 375 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 014163
Substance Abuse & Chemical Dependency
This course serves as an overview of addiction, chemical abuse and chemical dependency and how pharmacists can impact those affected. Topics include prevention, identification, treatment options, clinical aspects of treatment, and an understanding of support systems available for those in recovery. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 220, 221. Pharmacy students only.
Also offered Online

PHARM 376 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 014164
Practicing Pharmacy with Diverse Populations
This course will provide students with tools to optimize patient care when working with diverse communities. Diversity will be defined in its broadest sense encompassing a discussion in how differences in ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, physical or mental ability etc. impact patient care. Students will learn about the unique needs of different populations and through a combination of lectures and case studies learn how to sensitively and effectively work with a variety of patients. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 220, 221. Pharmacy students only.

PHARM 377 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 014165
Drug-Induced Disease
Drug-Induced Disease will explore the most appropriate interventions for prevention, detection and management of drug-induced diseases. Emphasis will be placed on the role of the pharmacist as a proactive practitioner in minimizing morbidity and mortality from drug-induced diseases. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only
Also offered Online

PHARM 378 LEC 0.50Course ID: 014742
Advanced Women's Health Pharmacotherapeutics
This course will examine the pharmacotherapy of health conditions commonly experienced by women across their lifespan. Topics will include menstrual and reproductive disorders; contraception, pregnancy and childbirth; and common diseases that may be experienced differently by women. The course will also explore the ethics, commercialization and medicalization of women's health. [Offered W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 222; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 379 LEC 0.50Course ID: 014745
Ethical Decision-Making in Pharmacy Practice
This course explores the principles of ethical decision-making in healthcare and applies them to various scenarios and actual cases in different pharmacy practice settings. Discussion will focus on ethical dilemmas where a variety of stakeholders and implications must be considered. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 391 SEM 0.13Course ID: 012503
Seminars in Pharmacy 2
Through the Seminar Series of courses students are exposed to a number of speakers who address relevant topics within a content area. Speakers may include subject-matter experts, patients, and health care professionals.
[Note: Course will be graded on a CR/NCR basis. Offered: W]
Prereq: PHARM students only.
Antireq: PHARM 490

PHARM 400s


PHARM 400 RDG,TUT 0.25Course ID: 012504
Independent Study 1
This elective is designed to permit students to pursue areas of personal interest and/or to gain personal experience in scientific research through a research project. PHARM400 typically involves a reading/survey based project involving a review of and collection of data from relevant scientific literature, and the synthesis of new information based upon this review. Research may be conducted in the School of Pharmacy, in a hospital, community pharmacy, pharmaceutical company, etc. A maximum of 1.0 credit may be taken as Independent Study courses.
Instructor Consent Required
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 401 LAB,TUT 0.50Course ID: 012505
Independent Study 2
This elective is designed to permit students to pursue areas of personal interest and/or to gain personal experience scientific research through a research project. PHARM 401 requires a research based project and will typically include a review of pertinent scientific literature and generation and analysis of new data. Research may be conducted in the School of Pharmacy, in a hospital, community pharmacy, pharmaceutical company, etc. A maximum of 1.0 credit may be taken as Independent Study courses.
Instructor Consent Required
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 422 LEC,TUT 1.00Course ID: 013127
Integrated Patient Focused Care 9
This is the ninth of nine sequential courses. Complex integrated cases will be covered, along with special topics. [Offered: W, S]
Prereq: PHARM 323/420, 324/421; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 425 LEC 0.50Course ID: 014640
Symposium
Symposium offers senior students the opportunity to deliver a seminar in a content area of their choice. Students will demonstrate an ability to critically appraise literature from a variety of sources and synthesize information in both written and presentation formats. [Offered: W, S]
Prereq: PHARM 323/420, 324/421, 330. Pharmacy students only

PHARM 430 CLN 2.50Course ID: 014641
Clinical Rotation 1: Primary Care
Students will provide supervised direct patient care in a primary care setting. Over the course of 24 weeks, students will be placed in three 8-week rotations where the student's ability to apply therapeutic knowledge in a live practice setting will be refined and assessed. [Offered: W, S]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only. Students must have successfully completed all courses to the end of the 3B academic term, as well as three co-op work terms, to enrol in this course.

PHARM 440 CLN 2.50Course ID: 014642
Clinical Rotation 2: Institutional
Students will provide supervised direct patient care in an institutional setting. Over the course of 24 weeks, students will be placed in three 8-week rotations where the student's ability to apply therapeutic knowledge in a live practice setting will be refined and assessed. [Offered: W, S]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only. Students must have successfully completed all courses to the end of the 3B academic term, as well as three co-op work terms, to enrol in this course.

PHARM 450 CLN 2.50Course ID: 014643
Clinical Rotation 3: Elective
Students will practice in a variety of Pharmacy settings under the supervision of qualified preceptors. Over the course of 24 weeks, students will be placed in three 8-week rotations where the student's ability to apply therapeutic knowledge in a live practice setting will be refined and assessed. [Offered: W, S]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only. Students must have successfully completed all courses to the end of the 3B academic term, as well as three co-op work terms, to enrol in this course.

PHARM 460 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013798
Leadership in Pharmacy
This course focuses on application of leadership principles, human, organizational and motivational behaviour, and power relationships in the healthcare workplace. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 350; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 461 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013799
Advanced Patient Safety
This course focuses on applying the Canadian Patient Safety Institute's domains to projects with community partners and local health care agencies. Students will learn to develop strategies to integrate medication safety updates and implement recommendations into their practices. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 329, 350; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 464 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013801
Advanced Therapeutic Concepts in Oncology
This course examines advanced oncology therapeutic concepts required as foundation for patient management in the inpatient, ambulatory, and community settings. Topics include a comprehensive review of cancer epidemiology and pathophysiology, therapeutic agents used in the oncology setting, management of cancer therapy toxicities, and treatment and palliation of cancer symptoms. [Offered: W, S, F]
Coreq: PHARM 323/420; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 465 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013802
Critical Care & Emergency Medicine for Pharmacists
This course focuses on the types of care provided by interdisciplinary health team members involved in caring for critical care and emergency room patients. Invited respiratory therapists, nurses, dieticians, pharmacists, social workers and intensivists will discuss critical care topics such as sepsis, respiratory insufficiency, toxicology, ethical deliberations and end of life care. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 321; Pharmacy students only.

PHARM 466 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 013803
Advanced Geriatric Care
This course focuses on key concepts of ageing that are related to geriatric pharmacotherapy. Topics include: the biology and demography of ageing, optimal medication use in older people, disease presentation, geriatric assessment, roles for pharmacists and challenges and complexity of geriatric care. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only.
Coreq: PHARM 323/420, 324/421

PHARM 469 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 014167
Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacy Practice
The course aims to promote an enhanced understanding of conceptual and methodological issues essential for effective critical appraisal of the relevant clinical literature and ultimately, improved patient care. Key topics to be covered will include: basic concepts of epidemiology; data sources and measures, study design and methodological issues in pharmacoepidemiology; and, applications relevant to population-based research and pharmacy. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: Level at least 3B PHARM students.

PHARM 470 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 014168
Advanced Medical Writing
This course will refine students' writing skills. Students will have opportunities to produce a variety of different documents with a focus on preparing documents suitable for publication. Topics will include audience analysis, modification of content to conform to the requirements of different journals, succinct and clear representation of data and study findings, coordinating the editing process with multiple authors etc. [Offered: W, S, F]
Coreq: PHARM 324/421

PHARM 472 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 014170
Community Practice in a Changing Environment
This course will prepare pharmacy students to provide services in an advanced community pharmacy practice environment. Students will explore, critique and develop innovative clinical services for the community setting. Students will also develop change management and critical thinking skills. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: Level at least 3B PHARM students.

PHARM 473 LEC 0.50Course ID: 014647
Advanced Infectious Disease
This course is designed to expand upon students' understanding of infectious disease pharmacotherapy, with a focus on syndromes requiring a higher degree of medical intervention than commonly seen in primary care. The aim of the course is to develop practicing pharmacists with the knowledge, skills and critical dispositions necessary for optimizing the use of anti-infectives in challenging infectious syndromes. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 232 or 233L.
Coreq: PHARM 320, 321; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 474 LEC 0.50Course ID: 014743
Advanced Pharmacotherapeutics in the Hospital Setting
This course will provide students the opportunity to apply clinical knowledge and skills to manage pharmacotherapy problems commonly encountered in hospitalized patients. The focus will be on disease states not covered in the Integrated Patient Focused Care Series. Additionally, problems unique to delivery of care in the hospital setting, such as formulary management, utilization review, and medication problems relating to transitions among care settings will be explored. [W, S, F]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only.
Coreq: PHARM 323/420

PHARM 475 LEC 0.50Course ID: 014744
Advanced Pharmacotherapeutics in the Ambulatory Care Setting
This course will provide students the opportunity to apply clinical knowledge and skills to manage pharmacotherapy problems commonly encountered by pharmacists practicing in an outpatient environment. The focus will be on disease states not covered in the Integrated Patient Focused Care Series. Additionally, problems unique to delivery of care in the ambulatory setting, such as coordination of care within an interdisciplinary team, working within the constraints of the Ontario Drug Benefit (ODB) program and insurance plan formularies, and provision of best practice care with limited resources. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only.
Coreq: PHARM 323/420

PHARM 476 LEC 0.50Course ID: 014747
Advanced Skills in Patient Engagement
Research shows that patients actively involved in managing their health report better outcomes. This course is an innovative skills-based program that combines theory and practical techniques to help learners develop the ability to assess readiness, motivate, and support patients in improving their health. Relevant clinical tools will be introduced along with opportunities for hands-on practice. [W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 222; Pharmacy students only

PHARM 491 SEM 0.13Course ID: 012522
Seminars in Pharmacy 3
Through the Seminar Series of courses students are exposed to a number of speakers who address relevant topics within a content area. Speakers may include subject-matter experts, patients, and health care professionals.
[Note: Course will be graded on a CR/NCR basis. Offered: W, S]
Prereq: Pharmacy students only

PHARM 495 LEC,TUT 0.50Course ID: 014809
Advanced Topics in Patient Focused Care
Update to the Integrated Patient Focused Care course series taken in the BSc Pharmacy curriculum. Focus on management of complex patients, application of clinical pharmacokinetics and evidence-based advancements in pharmacotherapeutics. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: Waterloo BScPhm graduate
Only offered Online

PHARM 496 LAB,LEC 0.50Course ID: 014810
Advanced Professional Practice
Update to the Professional Practice course series taken in the BSc Pharmacy curriculum. Focus on skills necessary to incorporate changes in the scope of pharmacy practice into a variety of practice settings. This is predominantly an online course with required attendance at a workshop component. [Offered: W, S, F]
Prereq: Waterloo BScPhm graduate
Also offered Online

PHARM 497 CLN 2.50Course ID: 014811
Clinical Rotation 1: Direct Patient Care Fundamentals
Advanced practice rotation in an approved clinical practice setting. Involves patient case workups; defence and demonstration of knowledge and application of patient care principles. Submission of a clinical experience portfolio. [Offered W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 495 & 496

PHARM 498 CLN 2.50Course ID: 014812
Clinical Rotation 2: Direct Patient Care
Advanced practice rotation (8 weeks) in an approved clinical practice setting (institutional or primary care, depending on prior experience assessed through PHARM 497). Provision of direct patient care in an inter-professional setting. [Offered W, S, F]
Prereq: PHARM 497

PHARM 499 CLN 2.50Course ID: 014813
Clinical Rotation 3: Elective
Advanced practice rotation (8 weeks) in an approved clinical practice setting. Provision of direct patient care in an inter-professional setting distinct from previous experience assessed through the clinical experience portfolio and courses taken since completing the BSc Pharm. [Offered W, S, F]
Coreq: PHARM 498