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Electrical and Computer Engineering

Undergraduate Officers
Computer Engineering

W.M. Loucks, DC 2597C, ext. 2942
Electrical Engineering
M.M.A. Salama, DC 2597B, ext. 2869


  1. The Department reserves the right, where preregistration in a course is less than six, to cancel the course.
  2. In extraordinary cases an instructor may override the prerequisite conditions listed below.


E&CE 102 W,S 1C 0.0
General Seminar

E&CE 100 W,S 5C,2T,3L* 1.0
Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering
Introduction to electrostatics, basic dc circuits, circuit simplification techniques, introduction to magnetic fields, ac circuit components, the dynamic of circuits, analysis of ac circuits, resonance, sinusoids and phasor, three phase power systems, operational amplifiers, transistors as amplifiers, diodes and transistors as switches. This course has a double weight.
Prereq: MATH 114, 117
Prereq/Coreq: MATH 118
* Alternate Weeks

E&CE 150 W,S 3C,2T 0.5
Introduction to Computing
High level language syntax, procedures and functions, recursion, searching and sorting algorithms for linear arrays, arrays and record data types, pointer variables, linked lists, linked list data structures, binary trees, tree traversals, numerical error propagation, numerical root finding and integration algorithms. The primary programming language for instruction is Pascal.


E&CE 201 F,W 1C 0.0
General Seminar

E&CE 202 F,S 1C 0.0
General Seminar

E&CE 203 S 3C,1T 0.5
Discrete Mathematics
Propositional and predicate logic. Sets, functions and sequences. Mathematical reasoning. Combinatorics. Relations. Graphs and Trees. Models of computation.
Prereq: E&CE 223, 250

E&CE 205 F,W 3C,1T 0.5
Advanced Calculus for Electrical and Computer Engineers 1
Fourier Series; Ordinary differential equations; Laplace transform; applications to linear electrical systems.
Cross-listed as MATH 211

E&CE 206 F,S 3C,1T 0.5
Advanced Calculus for Electrical Engineers 2
Partial differentiation, relative maxima and minima, directional derivatives, divergence and curl of vector fields with applications; multiple integrals, double and triple integrals; line and surface integrals, applications of divergence and Stokes theorems. Complex analysis: limits, analytic functions, complex line integral, Cauchy's integral formula, residues. Partial differential equations.
Cross-listed as MATH 212

E&CE 209 F,W 3C,1T 0.5
Electronic and Electrical Properties of Materials
Quantum mechanical concepts, band structure, bonding in molecules and solids, energy bands; electrical, optical, magnetic and thermal properties of materials used in electrical engineering.
Prereq: PHYS 125

E&CE 222 W,S 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Digital Computers
Computer organization. Assembly language programming, basic programming techniques. Memory units, arithmetic logic units, control units, I/O devices. Translation and loading. Computer case studies.
Prereq: E&CE 150, 223
* Open

E&CE 223 F, W 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Digital Circuits and Systems
Number systems, switching algebra. Simplification of Boolean functions. Combinational logic. MSI/LSI combinational circuits. Sequential logic. Algorithmic state machines, implementation with MSI circuits, timing considerations. Hardwired and microprogrammed controllers. IC families.
* Open

E&CE 231 F,S 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Electronic Devices
Review of band theory and doped semiconductors in thermal equilibrium, charge neutrality, mass action law, recombination and transport mechanisms, Boltzmann relations, derivation of p-n junction dc and ac characteristics, charge storage effects. The bipolar transistor; derivation of dc and ac terminal characteristics, equivalent circuits. The junction field effect transistor (JFET) and metal oxide semiconductor FET, derivation of dc characteristics.
Prereq: PHYS 125 or equivalent, E&CE 100, 209
* Alternate weeks

E&CE 241 S,F 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Circuit Analysis and Design
An introductory level course on circuit analysis techniques for use in circuit design. The course covers linear circuit analysis and design in detail and touches on extensions for circuits with simple nonlinearities such as opamps, diodes and transistors.
Prereq: MATH 114, 117, 118, 211, E&CE 100
* Alternate weeks

E&CE 250 F,W 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Algorithms and Data Structures
Algorithms and Data Structures emphasizes the following topics: data structures, abstract data types, recursive algorithms, algorithm analysis, sorting and searching, and problem-solving strategies.
Prereq: E&CE 150
* Alternate weeks

E&CE 251 S 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Programming Languages and Translators
History, virtual machines, representation of data types, sequence control, data control, type checking, run-time storage management, finite state automata, regular expressions, grammars, parsers, language translation systems, programming paradigms.
Prereq: E&CE 150, 250
* Project

E&CE 261 F, S 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Energy Systems and Components 1
Comparative and historical review of energy sources and systems. Operating, security and planning principles for electric energy generation, transmission and distribution systems. Excitation and loss analysis of ac magnetic circuits. Principles, circuit modelling, and performance of transformers. Electromechanical energy conversion.
Prereq: E&CE 100, MATH 211
* Alternate weeks


E&CE 301 W,S 1C 0.0
General Seminar

E&CE 302 F,W 1C 0.0
General Seminar

E&CE 304 F,W 3C,1T 0.5
Numerical Methods
Application of computers to engineering problems. Number systems, errors and error propagation. Roots of nonlinear equations. Solution of systems of linear equations. Interpolation and numerical integration. Solution of ordinary differential equations. A non-numeric algorithm (e.g. sorting). Emphasis will be placed on algorithm development and programming style.
Prereq: E&CE 150 or equivalent

E&CE 309 W,S 3C,1T 0.5
Introduction to Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer
Macroscopic approach to energy analysis. Energy transfer as work and heat, and the First Law of thermodynamics. Properties and states of simple substances. Control-mass and control-volume analyses. The essence of entropy, and the Second Law of thermodynamics. The Carnot cycle and its implications for practical cyclic devices. Introduction to heat transfer by conduction, convection, and radiation. Basic formulation and solution of steady and transient problems. Issues relevent to the cooling of electrical devices.
Prereq: MATH 211, 212

E&CE 316 W,S 3C,1T 0.5
Introduction to Probability Theory
Conditional probability and independence; Bayes' Theorem; random variables; functions of random variables; distribution functions; marginal and conditional distributions; correlation; reliability; the Poisson process, applications to reliability theory, continuous-time birth and death processes, queueing theory.
Prereq: MATH 211

E&CE 318 F,W 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Communication Systems
Orthogonality and signal representation in continuous time. Fourier spectrum, Fourier transforms and applications to communications. Convolution. Transfer functions and filters. Power spectral density. Amplitude modulation and applications to techniques such as DSB, AM, SSB, etc. Angle modulation and the spectra of frequency modulated signals. Techniques for the generation and demodulation of FM signals. Introduction to noise and its effects in AM and FM systems.
Prereq: MATH 211, E&CE 241, 316, 342
* Alternate weeks

E&CE 324 W 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Microprocessor Systems and Interfacing
Microprocessor system architecture, buses, memories, peripheral connections, parallel, serial, analog interfaces, magnetic storage media, data communications, testing and debugging.
Prereq: E&CE 222, 223, 250, 251
* Alternate weeks

E&CE 332 S,W 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Electronic Circuits
Amplifier biasing networks, single and multi-stage small-signal amplifiers, small-signal equivalent circuits; high and low frequency effects; negative feedback amplifiers; oscillators; noise in electronic circuits; introduction to large signal amplifiers.
Prereq: E&CE 231
* Alternate weeks

E&CE 342 W,S 3C,1T 0.5
Signals and Systems
Discrete and continuous signals, convolution, network equations, simulation graphs, Fourier series and transform, frequency response of networks, Laplace transformation, z-transform.
Prereq: E&CE 100, 241, MATH 114, 117, 118, 211

E&CE 354 W 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Real-Time Operating Systems
Introduction, basic concepts, process management, interprocess communication and synchronization, memory management, file systems, resource management, interrupt handling, concurrent programming.
Prereq: E&CE 250, 251
* Project

E&CE 362 F, W 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Energy Systems and Components 2
Principles of electromechanical energy conversion. Rotating machines. DC motors. Induction motors. Synchronous machines.
Prereq: E&CE 100, 241, 261, H 211
* Alternate weeks

E&CE 370 W,S 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Electromagnetic Fields
Coulomb's law and Gauss' law; electric field; energy and potential; conductors; dielectrics and capacitances; Poisson's and Laplace's equations, the magnetic field of currents in free space; magnetic effect of iron, self and mutual inductances; electromagnetic induction; energy and mechanical forces in the magnetic field; Maxwell's Equations; wave equation; basic plane waves; and transverse electromagnetic transmission lines.
Prereq: E&CE 100, MATH 212
* Alternate weeks

E&CE 380 F,W 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Control Systems
Introduction to control systems. Advantages of closed-loop feedback systems. The role of the system mathematical model. Block diagrams and signal flow graphs. The basic control system design problem, stability in control systems. Frequency response analysis techniques. Root- locus analysis. Elementary lead-lag compensation. Z-transforms.
Prereq: E&CE 342
* Alternate weeks


E&CE 401 F,S 1C 0.0
General Seminar

E&CE 402 W 1C 0.0
General Seminar

E&CE 403-409, 490-497 0.5
Special Topics in Electrical Engineering
Special courses on advanced topics will be offered from time to time, when resources are available. For current offerings, inquire at the Department.
Prereq: Permission of instructor

E&CE 411 F,S 3C,1T 0.5
Digital Communications 1
Random processes: stationary processes, power spectral density, noise, low-pass and band-pass processes. Sampling and pulse transmission. Signal distortion, bandwidth for pulse transmission pulse detection and matched filtering. Digital multiplexing, line coding, pulse shaping, detection and error rates. ISI and equalization. Pulse-code modulation, delta modulation, quantization, and detection errors. Effects of noise in PCM systems.
Prereq: E&CE 316, 318

E&CE 412 W 3C,1T 0.5
Digital Communications 2
Representation of signals, gaussian processes, optimum receiver design, equivalent signal sets, non-white channel noise, maximum likelihood receiver. Performance of coherent and noncoherent communication systems, phase shift keying, frequency shift keying. Information and its measure, source encoding, error-free communication, channel capacity. Error-correcting codes: linear block codes, cyclic codes, convolutional codes.
Prereq: E&CE 316, 411

E&CE 413 W 3C,1T1 0.5
Digital Signal Processing
Review of continuous and discrete-time systems, z-transform. Frequency response. Analog filter design and transformations for digital filter design. Windowing techniques, the discrete Fourier transform. Selected applications of digital signal processing.
Prereq: E&CE 318, 342
* Project

E&CE 427 W,S 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Digital Systems Engineering
Complexity in large digital systems. Control of design, interaction complexity, control of consequences of complexity. The topics covered include control unit design, microprogram control, design for testability, fault tolerance, multiprocessor systems.
Prereq: E&CE 222, 223
* Open

E&CE 428 F,S 3C,1T 0.5
Computer Communications Networks
Use of computer networks. Network architecture. ISO reference model. Network topology, connectivity analysis, delay analysis, local access design. Physical layer, data link layer, higher layer protocols. Routing, flow control, congestion control. Local area networks.
Prereq: E&CE 222, 316, 318

E&CE 429 W 3C,1T 0.5
Computer Structures
Organization and performance of conventional uniprocessors, pipelined processors, parallel processors and multiprocessors; memory and cache structures; multiprocessor algorithms and synchronization techniques; special-purpose architectures.
Prereq: One of E&CE 354, 450 or S 354
Prereq/Coreq: E&CE 427

E&CE 435 F,S 3C,1T 0.5
Semiconductor Devices
Metal-Semiconductor junctions (Schottky barriers), heterojunctions, solar cells, light emitting diodes, photodetector diodes, JFET's, MESFET's, MOSFET's, VLSI bipolar and MOS devices, CCD's, power devices (SCR's, power switching transistors, PIN rectifier diodes).
Prereq: E&CE 209, 231

E&CE 436 W 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Design of Integrated Circuits and Devices
Design and process details of bipolar, JFET and MOSFET devices. Design and implementation of digital and analog integrated circuits. Process, device and circuit CAD.
Prereq: E&CE 209 (231 or 435)
* Project

E&CE 437 W 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Integrated VLSI Systems
Integrated system design, memory cells and systems, logic arrays, VLSI design methodologies, applications in digital signal and data processing systems.
Prereq: E&CE 222, 223, 332
* Project

E&CE 438 F,S 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Digital Integrated Circuits
Switching characteristics of transistors and diodes, non-sinusoidal wave generation and shaping, comparators, digital integrated circuits, including ECL, T2L, I2L, STL, MOS, CMOS, BiCMOS.
Prereq: E&CE 231, 332 or 333
* Project

E&CE 439 W 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Analog Integrated Circuits
Analog applications of bipolar and field-effect transistors. Analysis of operational amplifiers. IC temperature compensation and biasing. Differential, low noise and power amplifiers, receiver front end design, noise analysis. Modulators, mixers, detectors. Power supplies, A to D and D to A converters.
Prereq: E&CE 231 or 333
* Project

E&CE 443 W 3C,1T 0.5
Electrical Networks
Topics from the following: two-port descriptions of ideal devices, including operational amplifiers; network functions, formulation and solution of network equations; sensitivity calculations in the frequency domain; active network analysis; simple filter design; time domain solutions; simulation; introduction to digital and switched capacitor networks; computer-aided analysis and design of networks.
Prereq: E&CE 241, 342 or equivalent

E&CE 446 F,S 3C,1T 0.5
Linear Systems
Three types of linear multivariable systems are studied: 1. real time-continuous systems; 2. real time-discrete systems; and 3. modulo-two time-discrete systems. The unifying approach of state equations is developed and the importance of linear algebra is emphasized. Topics include: time domain analysis, transform analysis (Laplace- and Z-transforms), stability considerations, system equivalence, system decomposition, system realization. The necessary matrix and linear-algebra theory is developed as required.
Prereq: E&CE 342 or 380

E&CE 450 F,S 2C,1T,3L*
Software Systems
Structured software design, software testing and maintenance. Data structures, arrays, lists, stacks, associative structures. Searching and sorting. Operating system organizations. Real-time software, principles of real-time executive (RTX), kernel, primitives, interprocess communication and synchronization, memory management, interrupts. Block structured languages, actual and formal parameters, recursion, formal description, relationship to machine code. Compilers.
Prereq: E&CE 222 or equivalent.
* Project

E&CE 455 F 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Software Engineering
Requirement analysis, specifications, software design, software development environments, testing, software project management, quality assurance and control.
Prereq: E&CE 203, 250, 251, 354, Computer Engineering
Program or Computer Engineering Option
* Project

E&CE 456 W 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Database Systems
Introduction, data models, file systems, database system architectures, query languages, integrity and security, database design.
Prereq: E&CE 250 or 252 or 450
* Project

E&CE 457 S 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Applied Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence concepts and techniques, including search, inference, knowledge representation and planning. Knowledge-based systems. Applications in electrical and computer engineering, with emphasis on design and maintenance.
Prereq: E&CE 251
* Project

E&CE 463 S,F 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Power Electronics
Characteristics and ratings of power semi-conductor devices with emphasis on the thyristor. General methods of achieving design objectives. Performance and analysis of power conversion circuits for both static and rotating loads.
Prereq: E&CE 100, MATH 211
* Open

E&CE 464 W 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Insulation and High Voltage Engineering
Behaviour of insulating materials under high electric stress. Insulation failure, corona. Origins of high electric stresses. Electric field calculations. Insulation co-ordination. Generation of test voltages and methods of measurement.
Prereq: E&CE 100, MATH 211
* Alternate weeks

E&CE 465 W 3C,1T 0.5
Power Systems
Introduction to system concepts; aspects of power system planning and operation. Energy sources; environmental and resource implications. Per-unit and co-ordinate systems. Representation of equipment such as generators, transformers and transmission lines in system analysis. Analysis of imbalanced systems and faults. Voltage and reactive power control. Load/frequency control. Power transfer and system stability. Introduction to load flow methods. High voltage dc transmission.
Prereq: E&CE 100, 261, MATH 211

E&CE 471 S,F 3C,1T,3L*
Electromagnetic Waves
Review of Maxwell's and Wave Equations; Applications of Plane Waves: reflection, refraction, lossy medium; Transmission Line Applications; co-axial and micro-strip lines, impedance matching, losses; Waveguides: metallic wave guides - rectangular and cylindrical, Dielectric wave guides - slab and fiber; Antenna Technology.
Prereq: E&CE 100, 370, MATH 212
Not available until Spring 1996
* Alternate weeks

E&CE 473 W 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Microwave Engineering
The theory and practice of microwave engineering, transmission line theory and scattering matrices; waveguides and cavities; microstrip lines, directional couplers and other microstrip components; computer aided design of microwave integrated circuits; Butterworth and Chebyshev filters, frequency transformations, side coupled microstrip filters and coupled waveguide cavity filters; microwave system considerations for communications.
Prereq: E&CE 371 or 471
Every third week

E&CE 474 S,F 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Antenna Engineering
An introduction to the theory of radiation and of antenna and propagation engineering; linear antennas, linear arrays, aperture antennas, frequency independent antennas, measurement theory.
Prereq/Coreq: E&CE 371 or 471
Every third week

E&CE 475 W 3C,1T,3L* 0.5
Guided Wave Photonics Engineering
Conducting waveguiding structures; rectangular and circular waveguides, microstrip theory and applications, numerical field analysis on microstrip lines, microstrip components. Dielectric waveguiding structures; dielectric slab waveguides, propagation theory for step-index fibres and graded-index fibres. Fibre measurements; loss measurements, time-domain and frequency-domain measurements, measurement of refractive index profiles. Fibre-optical telecommunication systems; system design considerations, fibre characteristics, source and detector characteristics.
Prereq: E&CE 371 or 471
* Project

E&CE 481 F,S 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Design of Digital Control Systems
Performance specifications for design. Sampled data systems. Design of digital control systems using transform and pole placement techniques.
Prereq: E&CE 342, 380
* Alternate weeks

E&CE 482 W 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Multivariable Control Systems
Review of multivariable state space methods with emphasis on control applications. Performance indices and optimal control. Continuous and discrete time state feedback control of linear systems. Systems with inaccessible states. Stability analysis.
Prereq: E&CE 380, 446
* Open lab

E&CE 485 W 2C,1T,3L* 0.5
Computer Control Applications
Realization of digital controllers: digital-analog equivalences, sampling and quantization effects, fixed-point arithmetic realizations. Real- time computer interfacing: hardware and programming considerations. Modelling and simulation of processes for control design applications. Detailed study of an example application.
Prereq: E&CE 380, 481
* Project

E&CE 486 W 3C,3L* 0.5
Robot Dynamics and Control
Homogeneous transformations. Kinematics and inverse kinematics. Denavit-Hartenberg convention. Jacobians and velocity transformations. Dynamics. Path planning, nonlinear control. Compliance and force control.
Prereq: E&CE 380, 446
* Project

E&CE 499A F,S 9L 0.5
An engineering assignment requiring the student to demonstrate initiative and assume responsibility. The student will select a project at the end of the 3B term from an approved list prepared by the Department. Alternatively students can propose their own project. A faculty member will provide supervision. For a one term project, a report is required at the end of the 4A term. For a two term project, a short progress report at the end of the 4A term and a full report at the end of the 4B term are required.
Prereq: Fourth year standing in either Electrical or Computer Engineering

E&CE 499B W 9L 0.5
Either a continuation of E&CE 499A or a separate one-term project.
Prereq: Fourth year standing in either Electrical or Computer Engineering

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