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Mechanical Engineering

G. Davidson, E2 2330, ext. 3340

Note:

1. General prerequisite: Registration in the Mechanical Engineering Department or permission of course instructor is required.
2. The Department reserves the right to cancel any 400-500 level elective courses if teaching resources become unavailable.

M E 126 W,S 2C, 1T,3L 0.5
Scientific Principles of Mechanical Engineering
Physics principles most relevant to the discipline of Mechanical Engineering. Equilibrium and elasticity of solid bodies. Hooke's Law and bulk modulus. Statics and dynamics of fluids. Temperature scales and thermal expansion. Energy conversion and transfer and the laws of thermodynamics.
Prereq: PHYS 115, MATH 117

M E 200A/200B F,W/S,F 2C 0.0
Seminar
Discussion of Structure of Mechanical Engineering curriculum, operation of Department, Faculty, University, technical societies.

M E 201 F,W 3C,1T 0.5
Calculus of multivariate functions; partial differentiation, total derivatives, chain rule, transformation of variables. Applications include geometrical problems, error estimation, maxima and minima, and Taylor series. Multiple integration in standard coordinate systems, Jacobians. Properties of geometric and dynamical systems. Vector calculus, divergence, curl, Laplacian, and Stoke's, Green's, and Divergence theorems. Applications include: topological problems, rotation in fluids, volumetric scalar flux transport, work and energy, conservative force fields.
Prereq: MATH 118

M E 202 F,W 3C,1T 0.5
Statistics for Engineers
Frequency distributions; measures of central tendency; standard deviation and other measures of dispersion. Probability. Binomial, Poisson, normal distributions. Techniques of sampling and statistical estimation. Tests of hypotheses; significance. The t-test and chi-squared test. Curve fitting by least squares. Statistical process control. Correlation and regression. Experimental design.
Prereq: MATH 117
Antireq: M SCI 251

M E 203 F,S 3C,1T 0.5
Ordinary Differential Equations
Solutions of nth order homogeneous and non-homogeneous linear equations with constant and variable coefficients. Systems of linear equations. Non-linear equations. Appropriate techniques such as variable transformation, theory of Laplace transforms, and Frobenius series. Applications include simple dynamical systems and principles of mass, momentum and heat conservation.
Prereq: M E 201

M E 212 F,W 3C,1T 0.5
Dynamics
An introduction to the kinematics of particle and rigid body motion. Impulse-momentum equations. Work-energy methods and Euler's equations. Simple gyroscopes. Vibrations.
Prereq: PHYS 115, MATH 118

M E 215 F,S 3C,3L 0.5
Structure and Properties of Materials
The relevance of materials to engineering practice. The microstructure of materials, crystallinity and crystal imperfections, glasses and amorphous solids. Elastic and plastic deformation in metals, viscoelasticity of plastics. Strengthening mechanisms in metals, polymers and ceramics. Fracture of brittle and ductile solids. Electrical and magnetic properties of materials.
Prereq: CH E 102

M E 219 F,W 3C,1T 0.5
Mechanics of Deformable Solids 1
Concept of equilibrium, force analysis of structures and structural components, equilibrium of deformable bodies, stress and strain concepts, stress-strain relationships, stress analysis of prismatic members in axial, shearing, torsional and flexural deformations, shear force and bending moment diagrams.
Prereq: PHYS 115

M E 220 F,S 3C,1T 0.5
Mechanics of Deformable Solids 2
A general treatment of the behaviour of structural components from the study of stress and strain in solids. Topics include superposition, energy theorems, theories of failure, elastic and inelastic analysis of symmetrical bending, torsion of circular members, columns and stability, and virtual work.
Prereq: M E 219

M E 250 F,S 3C,1T 0.5
Thermodynamics 1
The engineering science of energy. The scope and limitations of thermodynamics. Macroscopic approach to heat, work, energy and the First Law. Properties and state of simple substances. Control-mass and control-volume energy analysis. The Second Law of Thermodynamics, principle of increase of entropy, limiting cycle efficiencies, criteria for equilibrium.
Prereq: M E 201
Antireq: E&CE 309 and SY DE 381

M E 262 F,S 3C,1T,3L 0.5
Introduction to Microprocessors and Digital Logic
Number systems, codes and coding, minimization techniques applied to design of logic systems. Component specifications. Discussion of microprocesses, memory and I/O logic elements. Microcomputer structure and operation. I/O modes and interfacing. Machine language and Assembler programming. Design and application of digital systems for data collection and control of pneumatic hydraulic and machine systems. Laboratory work includes the use of microcomputers.
Prereq: GEN E 123

M E 269 F,W 3C,2T,3L* 0.5
Electromechanical Devices and Power Processing
Review of ac circuits. Three-phase circuits. Transformers. Industrial power networks. Principles and operating characteristics of dc and ac motors including speed control. Power conditioning for supplying mechanical drives. Interface of electromechanical systems with control circuits and transducers.
Prereq: GEN E 123
* Alternate weeks

M E 300A/300B W,S/F,W 2C 0.0
Seminar
Technical specialties in Mechanical Engineering, discussion of options, curriculum, seminars and technical topics in the various options.

M E 304 W,S 3C,1T 0.5
Numerical Analysis
A survey of numerical procedures with emphasis upon computer implementation. In particular, the following topics are covered: Interpolation, curve fitting, solution of non-linear equations, numerical integration, numerical solution of ordinary differential equations, matrix algebra and solution of systems of linear equations, and problems in the solution of partial differential equations.
Prereq: M E 201, 203

M E 305 W,S 3C,1T 0.5
Partial Differential Equations
Partial Differential Equations of Mathematical Physics; wave equation, diffusion of heat and species, Laplace and Poisson equation. Modelling physical systems with distributed parameters. Boundary and initial conditions. Separation of variables, eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. Sturm-Liouville theory, orthogonality, similarity methods and Fourier series. Bessel and Legendre equations and functions, transform methods and characteristics.
Prereq: M E 201, 203

M E 321 W,S 3C,1T 0.5
Kinematics and Dynamics of Machines
Principles of the geometry of motion, Uniform and non-uniform motion, linkage, gears, cams. Synthesis and analysis of mechanisms. Consideration of the static and dynamic forces in machines. Vibration analysis, response to shock, motion and force transmissibility, vibration isolation.
Prereq: M E 201, 212

M E 322 F,W 3C,1T 0.5
Mechanical Design 1
Analysis and synthesis of machine elements. Factors affecting working stresses, fatigue, creep and impact considerations. Design of shafting, springs, screws, clutches, brakes and gears.
Prereq: M E 220, 321

M E 330 W,S 3C,2L 0.5
Control of Properties of Materials
Phase equilibria, non-equilibrium behaviour, heat treatment of metals, diffusion, strengthening processes. Alloying, composite materials, cold and hot working. Failure of engineering materials; creep, fatigue, corrosion and other environmental degradation processes. Prevention of service failures.
Prereq: M E 215

M E 340 F,W 3C, 1T,3L 0.5
Manufacturing Processes
The principles of manufacturing unit processes including casting, forming, machining and joining. Interactions between design, materials (metals, polymers, ceramics) and processes. Advantages and limitations, relative cost, and production rates of competitive processes.
Prereq: M E 219, 330
Cross-listed as SY DE 364

M E 351 W,S 3C,1T,1L 0.5
Fluid Mechanics 1
Physical properties of fluids and fundamental concepts in fluid mechanics. Hydrostatics. Conservation laws for mass, momentum and energy. Flow similarity and dimensional analysis as applied to engineering problems in fluid mechanics. Laminar and turbulent flow. Engineering applications such as flow measurement, flow in pipes and fluid forces on moving bodies. Introduction to compressible flow.
Prereq: M E 250

M E 353 F,W 3C,1T,1L 0.5
Heat Transfer 1
Introduction to heat transfer mechanisms. The formulation and solution of steady and transient heat conduction. Radiant heat transfer including exchange laws and view factors. Introductory convective heat transfer.
Prereq: M E 250, 351

M E 354 W,S 3C,1T 0.5
Thermodynamics 2
Emphasis on applications of thermodynamics to flow processes, real fluids, evaluation of state functions of real fluids. Non-reacting mixtures, reacting mixtures, equilibrium considerations.
Prereq: M E 250

M E 360 F,W 3C, 1T,2L 0.5
Introduction to Control Systems
Open loop and feedback control. Laws governing mechanical, electrical, fluid and thermal control components. Analogies. Analysis of some engineering control systems using block diagram algebra, transient and steady-state operation. Different modes of control. Review of Laplace Transform methods. Concepts of stability. Principles of analog computer simulation. Brief treatment of linear flow graphs and bondgraphs.
Prereq: M E 203, 321

M E 362 F,W 3C, 1T,2L 0.5
Fluid Mechanics 2
Basic equations of two-dimensional flow, potential flow, exact viscous solutions, introduction to lubrication, boundary layers, and introduction to turbulence. Turbomachinery fundamentals and applications. Selected advanced topics.
Prereq: M E 351

M E 400A/400B S,F/W 2C 0.0
Seminar
Research frontiers in Mechanical Engineering, specific discussion of research done at Waterloo, seminars by members of research groups.

M E 401* F,S 3C 0.5
Law for the Professional Engineer
The Canadian Legal System, Forms of Business Organizations, Tort Law, the role of the professional; Contract Law, the Elements of a Contract, Statute of Frauds, Misrepresentation, Duress and Undue Influence, Mistake, Contract Interpretation, Discharge of Contract; Breach of Contract and fundamental breach; Agreements between the client and Engineer; General Law, the Mechanics' Lien Act, comparative discussion of the Professional Engineers Act as it relates to the earlier statute, Intellectual Property and Industrial Property. It is intended to prepare the student for the examination in law which must be written by the Engineer for the Association of Professional Engineers of the Province of Ontario. This course is restricted to senior Mechanical Engineering students.
*Course will be graded on a CR/NCR basis. A written final examination is mandatory

M E 423 F,S 3C,1T 0.5
Mechanical Design 2
A continuation of the M E 322 course in analysis and synthesis of machinery, including advanced analysis of machine elements such as clutches, brakes, couplings, journal bearings and gears. Advanced machine design concepts such as reliability, optimization and techniques for stimulating innovative design. A synthesis project involving the machine elements studied is usually included.
Prereq: M E 322

M E 432 W 3C,1L 0.5
Deformation and Fracture of Engineering Materials
Macroscopic aspects of deformation and fracture as measured by standard engineering testing in tension and compression. Microscopic aspects of plastic flow; the role of dislocations. Strengthening methods in engineering materials (strain hardening, solid solution, precipitate, dispersion and grain size strengthening). Static, dynamic and fatigue fracture of various engineering materials both metals and non-metals including composite materials. High temperature behaviour including creep, superplasticity and superplastic forming and diffusion bonding of structural parts. Application of the working knowledge to various case studies of a real-life behaviour of materials in service.
Prereq: M E 330

M E 435 F,S 3C,1L 0.5
Industrial Metallurgy
This course is intended for those students interested in acquiring a working knowledge of metallurgy. It will cover: Metals and alloy systems, iron-carbon alloys, heat treatment and the function of alloying elements in steel, corrosion and scale resistant alloys, copper and nickel base alloys, light metals and their alloys; casting, hot and cold working of metals; soldering, brazing and welding; corrosion and oxidation; metal failure analysis.
Prereq: M E 330

M E 447 F,S 3C,3L 0.5
In this course, a selection of aspects of Computer Integrated Manufacturing are studied. The functional elements of Numerically Controlled machines and robots. Robot kinematics and programming. Machine vision and image processing. Introduction to Computer Aided Design, computer graphics and Computer Aided Manufacturing. Data transmission, local area networks, Manufacturing Automation Protocol. Flexible Manufacturing; cell control structures and data bases. Group Technology, classification and coding, composite parts, Computer Aided Process Planning.
Prereq: M E 262

M E 452 W 3C 0.5
Energy Transfer in Buildings
Thermodynamic properties of moist air; psychrometric charts; humidity measurements; direct water contact processes; heating and cooling of moist air by extended surface coils; solar radiation; heating and cooling loads on buildings; effects of the thermal environment; air conditioning and calculations.
Prereq: M E 353, 354

M E 456 F,S 3C 0.5
Heat Transfer 2
Selected topics in heat transfer fundamentals and applications. Topics to be covered include the fundamentals of convection with analytical solutions to simple laminar flow problems and approximate solutions to turbulent flow problems based on analogies between momentum and heat transfer. Also covered is radiant exchange in grey enclosures and in black enclosures containing emitting-absorbing gases. The remaining topics will be chosen from design of heat exchangers; condensation heat transfer; boiling heat transfer; and the treatment of problems in heat conduction.
Prereq: M E 353, 362

M E 459 F,S 3C 0.5
Energy Conversion
Review of reserves and consumption trends of Canada's and the world's energy resources. Design of fossil-fuel central power plants, including boiler efficiency calculations and advanced steam and binary cycles. Review of atomic physics including fission and fusion energy. Design of nuclear fission power plants including design of reactor core for critical conditions, fuel cycles and radiation hazards. Design considerations for solar energy conversion devices including: availability of solar energy, solar-thermal converters, thermal storage and photovoltaics. Principles of fuel cells and some aspects of their design. Other topics as appropriate.
Prereq: M E 353, 354

M E 469 F,S 3C 0.5
Dynamics of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer
For those students interested in working on engineering problems that involve the flow of air in the lower kilometre of the atmosphere. Topics to be studied include: composition of the atmosphere, surface wind variation, vertical variation of temperature, pressure, and moisture, basic moisture thermodynamics, fluid mechanics on rotating earth, physics of atmospheric turbulence, atmospheric stability, vertical variation of wind, inversion layer dynamics, introduction to atmospheric diffusion processes.
Prereq: M E 250, 351

M E 482 F,W,S 9L 0.5
Mechanical Engineering Projects
Engineering assignments requiring the student to demonstrate initiative and assume responsibility. Student activity is guided and co- ordinated by a faculty supervisor. In selecting projects, particular account is taken of the student's field of specialization. Projects, in general, may involve technical disciplines beyond the strictly mechanical engineering field.

M E 524 W 3C,1T 0.5
This course is a continuation of M E 212 and M E 321. Basic kinematic and dynamic concepts are extended. The emphasis is on vector methods, general kinematic relationships, planar and three-dimensional motion, gyroscopic effects, variational mechanics, Lagrange's equation and Hamilton's equations. Computer simulation of non-linear systems is discussed and a project involving computer simulation is usually assigned.
Prereq: M E 321

M E 525 F,S 3C,1L 0.5
Mechanical Vibrations in Machines
Fundamentals of mechanical vibration, transient and forced vibrations, vibration of mechanical systems with one-, two- and multi- degrees of freedom, vibration measurement and isolation, continuous system, modal analysis.
Prereq: M E 212, 305

M E 527 W 3C 0.5
Mechanics of Deformable Solids 3
Analysis of stress and strain in 3 dimensions, plates and shells, stress functions, plastic stress-strain concentrations. Residual stress, thermal stress and creep. Energy methods.
Prereq: M E 220

M E 531 W 3C 0.5
Microstructural Changes in Engineering Alloys
Phase and microstructural changes which occur in alloys are discussed, including the reasons why they occur and their engineering relevance. Examples are metal-gas reactions, diffusion, hydrogen embrittlement, surfaces, interfaces and temper embrittlement, phase diagrams, nucleation in solids and liquids, solidification, recrystallization and solid state phase transformations. Applications to metallurgical practices are stressed, such as carburizing, oxidation, precipitation hardening, heat treating, casting, welding and corrosion.
Prereq: M E 330

M E 533 W 3C,1L 0.5
Composite Materials
Fibres, particulates and matrices. Consideration of the interface between the matrix and the fibre or particulate. Geometrical arrangements of fibres within laminae and their influences on elastic and strength properties. Strength of laminates and short fibre composite materials. Consideration when designing with composite materials. Fatigue, notch sensitivity and environmental deterioration.
Prereq: M E 330, 340

M E 534 F,S 3C 0.5
Non-metallic Materials
Structure of amorphous and crystalline plastics. Polymerization, control of properties of plastics by crosslinking and additives. Glasses, properties of fibers, refractories, abrasive materials, oxides, carbides, properties and applications of graphite. Brittle fracture, viscoelasticity and rheological models.
Prereq: M E 330

M E 541 W 3C,1L 0.5
Deformation Processes
Principles of deformation processes including forging, rolling, drawing, extrusion and sheet metalworking. Basic methods of analysing pressures, forces and deformation. Process control and limitations. Interaction of process, equipment and material; workability.
Prereq: M E 340

M E 542 W 3C 0.5
Machine Tool Analysis
Design features of machine tools. Mechanics of metal cutting. Tool materials. Machinability. Main drive torque and power versus speed requirements. Characteristics of positional servomechanisms in NC machines. Adaptive control. Static and dynamic deformations of the structure of the machine tool and their effects on the accuracy of the workpiece. Chatter in machining.
Prereq: M E 340, 360

M E 543 W 3C,2L 0.5
Metal Casting Processes
The principles of static and continuous casting processes including sand, investment, die and various continuous casting techniques. Review of heat transfer, fluid flow and solidification theory as it applies to casting. Gating, runner, sprue and riser design in static castings. Origin of various casting defects including hot tears, distortion, solidification shrinkage and residual stresses.
Prereq: M E 330

M E 544 F,W 3C,1L 0.5
Welding
Features and advantages of the various welding processes. Welding arc characteristics. Temperature distributions around welds. Metallurgy of the weld metal and heat affected zone in various alloys, including carbon and stainless steels, and aluminum alloys. Origin of various weld defects and methods of detecting them. Static and dynamic design of welded joints. Residual stresses, distortion and fracture of welds.
Prereq: M E 220, 330

M E 546 W 3C 0.5
Theory of Solid Modelling
This course examines various aspects of Geometric Modelling. It includes Theory of Solid Modelling, Parametric Design and Feature Based Design Methodology. Topics covered include: Decomposition Models, Constructive Solid Geometry, Half-Space Models and Boundary Models. Student projects provide hands-on experience in developing solid modelling techniques.
Prereq: M E 447

M E 547 W 3C, 2L 0.5
Robot Manipulators: Kinematics, Dynamics, Control
This course is designed to provide a background in the area of industrial robotic manipulators. The kinematics, dynamics, and control of robots is considered with emphasis on the mechanical aspects of the topic. Topics covered include homogeneous transformations, forward and inverse kinematics. Lagrange's equations of motion, Newton's equations of motion, linear feedback control (PID controllers), and introduction to non-linear controllers.
Prereq: M E 212, 360, 447

M E 548 F,S 3C,3L 0.5
Numerical Control of Machine Tools 1
Fundamentals, operation, and economic analysis of numerically- controlled machine tools. NC part programming: manual, APT and CAD/CAM methods. Postprocessors. Analysis of machine tool control. Hydraulic, DC, and stepper motor drive systems. Feedback devices: tachometers, encoders, resolvers, inductosyns. DDA integrators, hardware and software linear and circular interpolators. Control loops for point-to- point and contouring systems. Laboratory work provides hands-on experience on a modern numerically-controlled machining centre.
Prereq: M E 262, 360

M E 557 W 3C 0.5
Combustion 1
Combustion thermodynamics; Introduction to chemical kinetics of combustion; Combustion properties of fuels; Flammability of combustible mixtures. Flame propagation mechanisms, pre-mixed and diffusional; Stability of flames; Introduction to combustion aerodynamics, jet flames; Atomization; Droplet and spray combustion; Elementary ignition concepts and theory. Basic detonation theory.
Prereq: M E 353, 362

M E 559 F,S 3C 0.5
Finite Element Methods
A course presenting the fundamental ideas involved in conventional finite element analysis in Mechanical Engineering. Domain discretization, interpolation and shape functions, element derivation and types, element stiffness or property equations, assembly procedure, boundary conditions, solution methods for the algebraic equation system, applications in heat transfer, fluid flow, and stress analysis. Student will, throughout the course, write and test their own finite element code through individual subroutine construction as the course progresses.
Prereq: M E 220, 305

M E 561 F,S 3C 0.5
Fluid Power Control Systems
Properties of hydraulic fluids. Design and function of conventional hydraulic and pneumatic circuits. Characteristics of flow and pressure control valves. Speed control in fluid power circuits. Performance of pumps and fluid motors. Hydrostatic and hydrokinetic transmission systems. Principles of sealing, filtration and heat control in hydraulic circuits. Industrial applications of fluid power systems.
Prereq: M E 351, 360

M E 563 W 3C 0.5
Turbomachines
Classification of turbomachines, performance parameters and laws of modelling. Basic equation of flow in turbomachines, compressible flow. Energy transfer in radial and axial turbomachines, performance characteristics, losses and efficiencies. Blade and cascade design, 3-dimensional effects.
Prereq: M E 362

M E 564 W 3C 0.5
Aerodynamics
An introductory course in aerodynamics for engineers. Kinematics and dynamics of inviscid flow; airfoil dynamics including thin airfoil theory, finite wings, panel methods and airfoil parameters. Boundary layer theory and boundary layer control as applied in aerodynamics. Introduction to high speed aerodynamics. Introduction to dynamics of flight including stability and control.
Prereq: M E 362

M E 565 W 3C 0.5
Gas Dynamics
Basic laws of compressible fluid flow. Wave propagation in compressible fluids, isentropic flow of a perfect gas, normal and oblique shock waves. Prandtl-Meyer flow. Flow in ducts and over bodies, flow with friction (Fanno) and heat transfer (Rayleigh), imperfect gas effects, measurement of compressible flows, use of formulae, charts and tables, introduction to the method of characteristics.
Prereq: M E 250, 351

M E 566 F,S 3C 0.5
Fluid Mechanics 3
Special topics in advanced fluid mechanics which may include: potential flow, thin airfoil theory, viscous flow. Reynolds stress, intensity and scale of turbulence. The "law of the wall", logarithmic velocity profile and velocity defect laws, effects of roughness. Pressure loss in pipes and conduits. Jets and wakes. Flow in diffusers and contractions, and experimental measurement techniques.
Prereq: M E 362

M E 568 W 3C 0.5
Noise Analysis and Control
Basic acoustics. Legal aspects. Physiology of the ear. Signal analysis. Instruments and techniques. Noise reduction techniques, absorption, damping and barrier. Wave transmission and impedance. Handling industrial plant noise problems. Designing for minimum noise in engineering systems.
Prereq: M E 305, 360

M E 569 F,S 3C 0.5
Fluid Mechanics-Design Topics
A study of the design aspects of fluid mechanics. Unsteady flow, pipe and duct systems, two and three dimensional flow techniques, practical calculation of boundary layers, separation, base pressures, jets, wakes and shear layers, diffusers and flow distribution devices, flow control, two- phase flow, instrumentation, wind tunnel modelling, wind loading. The course will be oriented to practical design techniques for flow systems, reactors, air pollution control equipment, etc.
Prereq: M E 362

M E 571 W 3C 0.5
Air Pollution 1
Nature and sources of air pollution, chemical and biological aspects, effects on health and environment. Physical aspects of the atmosphere, thermodynamics, vertical variation of wind and temperature, stability, convection, atmospheric turbulence, diffusion equations, plumes, thermals, jets in stratified flow, radioactive plumes, particulate dispersion instrumentation (micrometeorological), air pollution control techniques and equipment monitoring instrumentation.
Prereq: M E 362

M E 580 W 3C 0.5
Basic Tribology
The science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion or friction, lubrication and wear. Emphasis on mechanical aspects of tribology. Main topics are fluid film lubrication, surface contact mechanics, contact of rough surfaces and application of fundamentals.
Prereq: M E 219, 351

M E 595-599 3C 0.5
Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering
Various courses dealing with selected topics at the undergraduate level in automation and control, solid mechanics and machine design, materials engineering and processing, fluid mechanics, and thermal engineering. Courses offered when resources permit.