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Grading System


Grades for all courses appear on grade reports and transcripts either as one of 15 letter grades from A-plus through F-minus or as numeric marks on a percentage scale depending upon the faculty of registration.

Overall standings are reported in all faculties as numeric averages. Common weighting factors are used for calculating overall averages for students on the letter grade system, and for converting assigned letter grades, where required, for students whose faculty is on the numeric system.

Please refer to the individual Faculty chapters for a complete explanation of the appropriate grading system.

Assigned      Common         Assigned
Letter        Weighting      Percentage 
Grades        Factors*       Grades*
A+            95             90-100
A	      89             85-89
A-     	      83             80-84
B+            78             77-79
B	      75             73-76
B-	      72	     70-72
C+            68	     67-69
C	      65	     63-66
C-	      62	     60-62
D+            58	     57-59
D	      55	     53-56
D-	      52	     50-52
F+            46	     42-49
F	      38	     35-41
F-	      32	     0-34

* Actual assigned numeric grades are used in calculating averages for students in faculties on the numeric scale.

Non-Graded Standings

AEG     Aegrotat, credit granted due to illness
AUD     Audit only, no credit granted
CR      Credit granted
DNW     Did not write examination, no credit granted
INC     Incomplete course work, no credit granted
IPC     ourse in progress, no grade assigned at this time
NCR     No credit granted
NMR     No mark reported
UR      Grade under review, decision pending
WD      Withdrew after the drop deadline

Credit Weights and Degree Requirements

Courses offered at the University of Waterloo are given credit weights which vary from 0.25 to 1.00 credits or more. (Most courses have a 0.50 credit weight and are of a one-term duration.) However, the systems used to specify the number of courses that a student must take to satisfy minimum degree requirements may differ from faculty to faculty and program to program. The main systems used are: a credit-weight system, a term-course system, and a term system.

Programs using a credit-weight system designate the total number of course credits required for the degree. In this system the credit weights for passed courses are added together to determine total credits earned.

In the term- course system, degree requirements are specified in numbers of term courses. A term-course system may be defined to eliminate 0.25 credit courses from consideration, or may consider 0.50 and 0.75 credit courses as equivalent for degree-requirement purposes.

In the term system, a student is promoted on the basis of satisfactory completion of an entire term's work, and degree requirements are met by successful completion of the appropriate number of terms.

Course credit weights are used in all programs to calculate weighted averages for overall standing and promotion purposes. Credit weights are also used in calculating tuition fee amounts for individual courses. Part-time students especially should consider this fact in choosing courses.

Students should read the faculty and program regulations carefully to be sure that degree requirements are understood and met in the manner required by their program.

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